Aristide Maillol (France, 1861–1944)
Action Enchaînée, 1906
Maillol was an active painter who switched to making sculptures after age 40. His female figures have no sharp protrusions and are a continuum of rounded shapes.
This piece was created as a memorial for Louis Auguste Blanqui, a socialist who suffered long years of imprisonment. The pose in which the hands are tied behind the twisted body demonstrates a dynamic movement that is unusual for this artist’s work. A masculine face is added to a full-figured female body whose size overwhelms the viewer.